Encapsulated Pathogens

The Glory Of Acronyms

Cheap shortcuts to memorising important facts are a necessary survival mechanism in life.

Fortunately, in this case, there’s the powerful pairing of a nonsensical acronym with several respiratory illness-related pathogens.

When you mix that with pictures of knives, baked beans and a receding water line, anything is possible!



Streptococcus pneumoniae

Haemophilus influenzae B

Neisseria meningitidis

Klebsiella pneumoniae


Salmonella typhi

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Cryptococcus neoformans


Escherichia coli

Bacillus anthracis

Bordetella pertussis

Streptococcus pyogenes


Not having a spleen increases the risk of or susceptibility to infection with encapsulated bacteria.



  1. Medbullets Team (2017). Encapsulated Bacteria. [online] Medbullets.com. Available at: http://www.medbullets.com/step1-microbiology/4010/encapsulated-bacteria [Accessed 15 Aug. 2017].

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