Important Facts For People Who Wear Lingerie And Have Kidneys

Issues With Breast Tissues

Bras haven’t been proven to be useful. One argument is that it’s more of a personal preference or even a fashion statement.

There isn’t much research on this front. But based on the limited evidence out there, bras  are more likely to be harmful if they’re the wrong fit. The nudists win again.

Renal Complications

DKA can lead to AKI.

DKA can lead to lactic acidosis, which can be associated with thiamine deficiency.

Thiamine deficiency less commonly involves vomiting, which can stain clothing. The nudists win again.

References

  1. Mills, D. (2016). Health Effects of Not Wearing a Bra. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health-news/going-braless-wont-hurt-breast-health
  2. Why is BRA important?. (2016). Retrieved from https://smah.uow.edu.au/brl/bra/whyisbraimportant/index.html
  3. Prywes, M. Science Proves That Wearing Bras Is Bad For Your Health. Retrieved from https://www.lifehack.org/336735/science-proves-that-wearing-bras-bad-for-your-health
  4. Hunimed Web Team. (2017). The advantages and disadvantages of wearing a bra. Retrieved from https://www.hunimed.eu/news/advantages-disadvantages-wearing-bra/
  5. Orban, J. C., Maizière, E. M., Ghaddab, A., Van Obberghen, E., & Ichai, C. (2014). Incidence and characteristics of acute kidney injury in severe diabetic ketoacidosis. PloS one, 9(10), e110925. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110925
  6. Feenstra, R. A., Kiewiet, M. K., Boerma, E. C., & ter Avest, E. (2014). Lactic acidosis in diabetic ketoacidosis. BMJ case reports, 2014, bcr2014203594. doi:10.1136/bcr-2014-203594
  7. Moskowitz, A., Graver, A., Giberson, T., Berg, K., Liu, X., Uber, A., Gautam, S., … Donnino, M. W. (2013). The relationship between lactate and thiamine levels in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Journal of critical care, 29(1), 182.e5-8.
  8. Berkheiser, K. (2018). 11 Signs and Symptoms of Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Deficiency. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/thiamine-deficiency-symptoms

The Function Of Testes

Initiation

The hypothalamus releases GnRH.

This stimulates the anterior pituitary gland to release FSH and LH, which act on the testes.

Production

FSH triggers spermatogenesis from Sertoli cells.

LH triggers testosterone production from Leydig cells.

Reduction

To control things for homeostasis, Sertoli cells release inhibin to dampen the release of FSH and LH from the anterior pituitary gland.

Testosterone gives negative feedback to the anterior pituitary gland and the hypothalamus.

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References

  1. Boundless Biology. (n.d.). Hormonal Control of Human Reproduction. [online] Available at: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/hormonal-control-of-human-reproduction/ [Accessed 4 Mar. 2018].

Sexually Transmitted Acronyms

Imagine how awkward it would be if sexually transmitted acronyms existed.

“OMG!” the first person would say.

Then they would engage in sexual intercourse with another individual.

“OMG!” the second person would subsequently say, having been transmitted the pathological acronym.

In that way, it would spread and society would rapidly become infiltrated.

That would be a scary world. But on the plus side, sexually transmitted acronyms don’t yet exist.

Rather, the medical conditions that people generally care about are sexually transmitted infections.

Here’s a way to remember them: “Cghhs!” It’s the noise someone makes when they’re gagging during sexual intercourse.

“Cghhs!” This stands for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, HIV and syphilis.

Isn’t it catchy? “Cghhs!”

Standard asymptomatic STI screening

Urine or swab

Chlamydia: an important, frequently asymptomatic plague of so-called “young people”. Those awful whippersnappers! Frolicking around and spreading heresy everywhere! A first-pass urine test is the most convenient screening method, but it’s better to do an endo-cervical swab if a Pap smear is already planned. Alternatively, it can be appropriate to opt for a patient-collected vaginal swab if greater accuracy is sought and an examination is not being performed.

Gonorrhoea: the diagnostic process is similar to chlamydia. This is an additional test to consider.

Blood (for high-risk patients)

Hepatitis B: there is a multi-dose vaccine for this viral infection.

HIV: the test is not effective immediately, as there is a conversion window of at least 6 weeks.

Syphilis: the king of painless genital ulcers and chancres.

References

  1. Australian STI Management Guidelines (2017). Standard asymptomatic check-up. [online] Available at: http://www.sti.guidelines.org.au/standard-asymptomatic-check-up [Accessed 2 Jul. 2017].
  2. The Australian Immunisation Handbook. (2017). Immunise – 4.5 Hepatitis B. [online] Available at: http://www.immunise.health.gov.au/internet/immunise/publishing.nsf/Content/Handbook10-home~handbook10part4~handbook10-4-5#4-5-4 [Accessed 2 Jul. 2017].
  3. Melbourne Sexual Health Centre. (2017). Window Period. [online] Available at: http://www.mshc.org.au/WP#.WVhWkBir2Rt [Accessed 2 Jul. 2017].
  4. Australian STI Management Guidelines (2017). Syphilis. [online] Available at: http://www.sti.guidelines.org.au/sexually-transmissible-infections/syphilis#clinical-presentation [Accessed 2 Jul. 2017].
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). Syphilis – CDC Fact Sheet. [online] Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/stdfact-syphilis.htm [Accessed 2 Jul. 2017].