It’s always the greatest when mnemonics match the thing they’re relating to.
Even if it does involve a couple of extra Ps.
Inhaled Corticosteroids if FEV1>50% with 2+ exacerbations/year and a short course of systemic corticosteroids for severe exacerbations
Home Oxygen and oxygen during exacerbations to maintain SpO2 at 88-92%
Prevention with smoking cessation and immunisations against influenza and pneumococcus
Penicillin, meaning amoxycillin or the non-penicillin doxycycline for severe exacerbations
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In: eTG complete [Internet]. Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Limited (eTG July 2018 edition); 2015 Mar.
If any of the following conditions are met, it is an exudate, full of protein and turbid, unclear fluid. Think malignancy or certain infections.
- Pleural fluid protein / serum protein > 0.5
- Pleural fluid LDH / serum LDH > 0.6
- Pleural fluid LDH > 2/3 x upper limit of normal serum LDH
- Criterion 1 = protein
- Criterion 2 = LDH
- Criterion 3 = LDH again
- Increasing numbers
- 0.666666 to infinity
- MDCalc. (2018). Light’s Criteria for Exudative Effusions. [online] Available at: https://www.mdcalc.com/lights-criteria-exudative-effusions [Accessed 14 Sep. 2018].
- Exeter Clinical Laboratory International. (2018). Transudate or Exudate / Blood Sciences Test. [online] Available at: https://www.exeterlaboratory.com/test/transudate-or-exudate/ [Accessed 14 Sep. 2018].
These are artifacts that occur in the blood smears of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. They happen because the cells are rather fragile.
Memory aids make life better.
Smudge cells are associated with CLL.
- LabCE. (2018). Smudge Cells. [online] Available at: https://www.labce.com/spg48905_smudge_cells.aspx [Accessed 11 Sep. 2018].
Bones are the putative skeleton of the human body, so it’s important that they’re not broken. Hold on! They actually are the skeleton! That means we need orthopaedic surgery to fix them.
In this episode, Dr Saqib talks about orthopaedic surgery, charitable work and international inequalities in health care.
About the guest speaker
Dr Saqib Noor is an orthopaedic surgeon and creative genius.
Dr Saqib has written a book, Surgery on the Shoulders of Giants, describing his life changing experiences as a surgeon in austere settings (http://mybook.to/SotSog) and has used these experiences to help start a new project dedicated to improving global surgery worldwide – One Surgery (https://one.surgery).
Opening and closing themes by Lily Chen.
Which side of the heart does each atrioventricular valve correspond to? Memory aids enlighten us all!
- Tricuspid is in the right heart
- Mitral is in the left heart
What about the semilunar valves? They must not be forgotten! And so they shan’t be!
- Pulmonary goes to the lungs and is on the right
- Aortical goes to the rest of the body and is on the left
Facebook and Twitter! Two important procrastination tools of our time! Many a student has suffered gloriously from these distractions. Finally, they help us to learn medicine, just like you’ve always wanted.
- In the frontal lobe of the brain
- Broca’s aphasia is expressive aphasia
- Patient understands things but cannot talk well
- In the temporal lobe of the brain
- Wernicke’s aphasia is receptive aphasia
- Affectionately known as “word salad”
- Patient says fluent gibberish but does not understand things
- Both are usually on the left side
- Connected by the arcuate fasciculus nerve fibres
- THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM. (n.d.). BROCA’S AREA , WERNICKE’S AREA, AND OTHER LANGUAGE-PROCESSING AREAS IN THE BRAIN. [online] Available at: http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/d/d_10/d_10_cr/d_10_cr_lan/d_10_cr_lan.html [Accessed 26 Aug. 2018].