Which side of the heart does each atrioventricular valve correspond to? Memory aids enlighten us all!
- Tricuspid is in the right heart
- Mitral is in the left heart
What about the semilunar valves? They must not be forgotten! And so they shan’t be!
- Pulmonary goes to the lungs and is on the right
- Aortical goes to the rest of the body and is on the left
Facebook and Twitter! Two important procrastination tools of our time! Many a student has suffered gloriously from these distractions. Finally, they help us to learn medicine, just like you’ve always wanted.
- In the frontal lobe of the brain
- Broca’s aphasia is expressive aphasia
- Patient understands things but cannot talk well
- In the temporal lobe of the brain
- Wernicke’s aphasia is receptive aphasia
- Affectionately known as “word salad”
- Patient says fluent gibberish but does not understand things
- Both are usually on the left side
- Connected by the arcuate fasciculus nerve fibres
- THE BRAIN FROM TOP TO BOTTOM. (n.d.). BROCA’S AREA , WERNICKE’S AREA, AND OTHER LANGUAGE-PROCESSING AREAS IN THE BRAIN. [online] Available at: http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/d/d_10/d_10_cr/d_10_cr_lan/d_10_cr_lan.html [Accessed 26 Aug. 2018].
Colles and Smith fractures are both fractures of the distal radius.
- Dorsal angulation of the fractured fragment
- Memory aid: CD
- Volar angulation of the fractured fragment
- Memory aid: VS almost looks like US, which is quite American
And that’s how an American CD is made.
- Luijkx, T. and Desai, P. (2018). Colles fracture. [online] Radiopaedia. Available at: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/colles-fracture [Accessed 15 Jan. 2018].
- Luijkx, T. and Gaillard, F. (2018). Smith fracture. [online] Radiopaedia. Available at: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/smith-fracture [Accessed 15 Jan. 2018].
The vertebral column consists of 5 regions:
- Cervical (7 bones)
- Thoracic (12 bones)
- Lumbar (5 bones)
- Sacral (5 fused)
- Coccygeal (4 fused)
- Develop in foetal life, before birth
- Regions affected:
- Spine curves posteriorly, like a hunchback appearance
- Memory aid: the one that’s not lordosis
- Develop in childhood, after birth
- Regions affected:
- Spine curves anteriorly, like a fancy, puffed out pigeon
- Memory aid: lordosis happens later; lords are fancy people, so they stand proudly and don’t hunch their backs
- Emory University. (n.d.). The Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord. [online] Available at: http://www.emory.edu/ANATOMY/AnatomyManual/back.html [Accessed 12 Jan. 2018].
Quadrangular space: axillary nerve.
Remember: a is before r in quadrangular.
Triangular space: radial nerve.
Remember: r is before a in triangular.
- Hacking, C. and Gaillard, F. (2017). Quadrangular space | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org. [online] Radiopaedia. Available at: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/quadrangular-space [Accessed 25 Aug. 2017].
- Knipe, H. (2017). Lateral triangular space | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org. [online] Radiopaedia. Available at: https://radiopaedia.org/articles/lateral-triangular-space [Accessed 25 Aug. 2017].
- Duke Medicine. (2017). Duke Anatomy – Lab 10: Shoulder, Axilla, & Arm. [online] Available at: https://web.duke.edu/anatomy/lab10/lab10.html [Accessed 25 Aug. 2017].
Superior (proximal) tibiofibular joint: synovial joint.
Inferior (distal) tibiofibular joint: fibrous joint.
- Acland’s video atlas of human anatomy. Acland, R. D. (Director). (2010). [Video/DVD] Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.